A seven member Expert Committee had three meetings between April 2019 and June 2019 wherein it discussed the framework of guidelines, draft guidelines and the revised guidelines respectively. The final guidelines contain some valuable points:
1) Containment and treatment of spillages from fuel filling operations at petrol pumps.
2) Check on leakages (Leakage Detection System) from underground storage tanks so as to prevent groundwater and soil contamination
3) Policy towards Treatment and disposal of sludge removed from underground tanks during cleaning
4) Installation, Operation and maintenance of Vapour Recovery System
5) Ground water and soil quality monitoring within petrol pump
6) Measures for protection of Worker’s Health
7) Audit of all protection measures and monitoring system implemented at petrol pumps
8) Siting criteria of Retail Outlets
Gujarat Enviro Protection and Infrastructure (Haryana) Pvt. Ltd. (GEPIL) is the TSDF provider in Haryana. Nearly 8.65% of the total hazardous wastes were disposed of through co-processing. This method involves very less cost that could be merely to meet transportation and very little of handling the hazardous waste. But it reduces, cost of incineration, cost of pollution control measures due to incineration, cost of ash handling and disposal. This also increases the life of the TSDF site. Therefore, a huge cost saving is envisaged in the part of GEPIL in 2016-17 and subsequent years. Whether GEPIL has come out with any proposal to reduce the cost it charges to the industries?
The presence of antibiotic residues in high concentration in the environment can lead to the development of Anti-Microbial Resistant (AMR) Pathogens. The Anti-Microbial Resistance arises when microorganism survives exposure to a drug that would normally kill them or stop their growth. The waste from pharmaceutical units or hospitals may be a possible reason for resistance to antibiotic drugs if, the wastes are not disposed of in a scientific manner. Presence of antibiotics in excess of Predicted No Effect Concentration (PNEC) in the environment may lead to the development of Anti-Microbial Resistance.
Total 3768 highly polluting industries are operating In India
Sanjaya K. Mishra
7th August 2019, New Delhi: According to the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), there are a total of 4264 highly polluting industries (17 category of industries) in India, out of which 3768 industries are operating and 496 industries are self-closed. The number of complying and noncomplying industries is 3250 and 518 respectively. Show-cause notices and closure directions have so far been issued by CPCB to 325 and 156 non-complying units respectively.
28th July 2019, New Delhi: Forest Survey of India (FRI), Dehradun, an organization under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) carries out the assessment of forest cover of the country biennially and findings are published in India State of Forest Report (ISFR). As per the latest ISFR 2017, the total forest and tree cover in the country is 8,02,088 square kilometre (forest cover 7,08,273 square kilometre, tree cover 93,815 square kilometre) which is 24.39% of the geographical area of the country. There is an increase of 8,021 square kilometre (forest cover 6,778 square kilometre, tree cover 1,243 square kilometre) of total forest and tree cover compared to that of ISFR-2015.
24th July 2019, New Delhi
On 23rd July 2019 a hearing on Original Application No.837/2018 (M.A. No. 1549/2018 &I.A. No. 290/2019), Sandeep Mittal Versus Ministry of Environment, Forests &Climate Change &Ors. regarding post clearance monitoring and compliances, took place in the Principal Bench of National Green Tribunal (NGT). The bench comprised of Hon’ble Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel, Chair Person, Hon’ble Justice S.P. Wangdi, Judicial Member, Hon’ble Justice K. Ramakrishnan, Judicial Member and Hon’ble Dr. Nagin Nanda, Expert Member.
The Haryana State Pollution Control Board (HSPCB) has specified the inlet quality standards for the Common Effluent Treatment Plants (CETPs) in Haryana. These standards are established with due consideration of local needs and conditions. During the process of laying these effluent standards, the Board sought proposal from Technical Advisory Committee. The proposal was shared with all stakeholders on 29th December 2018 through acclaimed newspapers; inviting comments, suggestions or objections. According to HSPCB Order No. HSPCB/SSC/2019/6916-39 Dated 28/01/2019, the Board has considered all observations submitted by stakeholders, including industries and industrial associations, in response to the proposal. The units, which discharge their effluent in to the CETPs, need to comply with the standards.
This has been published in the 26th issue of our newspaper , date 23/05/2019.
30th April 2019:
With reference to the Original Application (OA) No. 1069/2018 filed by Nitin Shankar Deshpande against Union of India and Others, the Principal Bench of National Green Tribunal (NGT) have said that there is no justification for diluted standards for areas other than Mega and Metropolitan Cities. The Pincipal Bench was comprising of Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel, Chair Person, Justice K. Ramakrishnan, JM and Dr, Magin Nanda, Expert Member.
The NGT order concluded that "Accordingly, we accept the report of the Expert Committee with the modification that the standards recommended for Mega and Metropolitan Cities will also apply to rest of the country. We also direct that the standards will apply not only for new STPs but also for existing/under construction STPs without any delay and giving of seven years time stands disapproved. The NGT bench also said that "the Minsitry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) may issue an appropriate Notification in the matter within one month from today i.e. 30th April 2019." Read more at https://enviroannotations.blogspot.com/2016/04/treated-sewage-characterization-common.html
NGT orders adopted hurriedly without appropriate amendments in provisions of Water Act and Air Act?
New Delhi: On 29th April 2019 the Haryana State Pollution Control Board (HSPCB) has issued a 19-page order with various supporting documents, duly signed by a representative of Board’s Chairman. The Board has cited, orders issued by the National Green Tribunal (NGT), as the baseline reference to this order. However, it is also mentioned that the Board has power under section 33-A of Water Act and 31-A of the Air Act to direct closure, prohibition, regulation of any industry, operation or process or stoppage or regulation of the supply of electricity or water or any other service.
Many legal experts and former SPCB officers are of the view that as SPCB has not vested with the power to penalize, the Board seems to have hurriedly implemented NGT orders, without necessary amendments in provisions of Water Act and Air Act. The HSPCB order also does not cite any reference to Government proceedings, except a Central Pollution Control Board in-house committee report. And therefore, the order has also left scope for review or challenge to it in the NGT or any other court of law.
On the other hand, such a step is going to establish a perception of legalizing non-compliance, which is substantially surfacing – the latest one being the case of Sushant Lok, Gurgaon. Another question is, whether the HSPCB will, henceforth, bear all the responsibilities and people don’t need to rush to NGT? And the most important question is that in the instance of Water Act being into existence since 45 years and Air Act since 38 years, there were significant number of cases with gross violation brought out into the lime light by the common mass and not the HSPCB. And there could be many more similar cases. In such a situation, the Board’s effort towards environmental conservation will be proven with time. However, it is expected that unlike the 2015 order pertaining to penalize the stubble burning by farmers, which didn’t augur well and remained in national as well as international news for being a principal source of bad air quality in Delhi and adjoining areas, this order could be implemented with much ease to regulate the industries and business establishments.
On the eve of Earth Day, 2019, India's Prime Minister Sh. Narendra Modi shared a message to the world, "Today on the Earth Day, we bow in reverence to Mother Earth. For years, this great planet has been home to phenomenal diversity. Today we also reiterate our commitment to work towards the well-being of our planet, focus on sustainable development and mitigating climate change. "
Many other leaders have also shared text messages on the occasion.
New Delhi: The National Green Tribunal (NGT), while hearing a plea filed by Gurugram based RTI Activist Shri Harinder Dhingra said “In the absence of any suggested timeline, the short-term strategies may be implemented within three months and long-term strategies within nine months. The Chief Secretary, Haryana may monitor the matter and send periodical reports along with the reports”.
In the plea, Shri Harinder Dhingra had sought directions from Hon’ble NGT to restrain Appu Ghar, the amusement park, from using groundwater without necessary permission and constitute an expert committee to investigate the illegal extraction of groundwater. As such the location of the project falls in over-exploited zone of Gurugram. Any further abstraction of groundwater could result in depletion of the water table in the area.
The NGT had earlier formed a high-level committee comprising representatives of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Central Pollution Control Board, Central Ground Water Authority and the District Magistrate, Gurugram. The committee suggested that treated sewage water should be supplied to Appu Ghar in Gurugram and use of drinking water for commercial purposes should be discouraged. “Treated sewage maybe provided from the existing line in Sector-29 to the International Recreation & Amusement Ltd., Sector-29, Gurugram and the canal water supply connection from HUDA/HSVP line may be disconnected”. The committee also said before the NGT that the amusement park has not been given permission to extract water through tubewells.
However, according to an RTI source as cited in the plea, in June 2016, the Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA) had sanctioned two water connections to the amusement park had been; one of size 50 mm and the other of 25 mm size. The connection does not suffice the water requirement in the project.
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