Delhi faces grave air pollution, particularly in the winter season, when level of air pollutants like Particulate Matters up to 2.5 micrometer (PM2.5) and up to 10 micrometer size (PM10) goes much beyond the limits prescribed in National Ambient Air Quality Standards 2009. Secondary particles contribute 30% in for PM2.5 winter followed by the contribution of the biomass burning in winter is quite high at 17% for PM10 and 26% for PM2.5. According to a report titled “Comprehensive Study on Air Pollution and Green House Gases (GHGs) in Delhi” prepared by the Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Kanpur - These particles are expected to source from precursor gases like SO2, and NOx, which are chemically transformed into particles in the atmosphere. Mostly the precursor gases are emitted from far distances from large sources. For sulfates, the major contribution can be attributed to large power plants and refineries. Operation of electricity generators run by diesel, petrol and kerosene has been identified as one of the sources of air pollution in Delhi. In pursuant to the Order dated 2nd December 2016 issued by Hon’ble Supreme Court of India, in the matter of M. C. Mehta Vs Union of India and Others regarding air quality, Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP) was notified by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change on 12th January 2017 for its implementation through Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority for NCR (EPCA). On 7th October 2019, the EPCA decided to ban electricity generation by means of generator sets run on Diesel, Petrol or Kerosene, of all capacities. This ban excludes essential services such as in the case of hospitals, nursing homes, healthcare facilities, elevators and escalators, Railway services and Railway Stations, Delhi Metro Rail Corporation services including its Trains and Metro Stations, Airport and Inter State Bus Terminus (ISBTs).
Delhi Pollution Control Committee has issued directions on 11th October 2019 banning with immediate effect till 15th March 2020. Haryana State Pollution Control Board (HSPCB) has also issued a letter on 10thOctober 2019 that states there will be complete ban on use of Diesel Generator Sets, other than exclusion services as per EPCA in Faridabad, Gurugram, Sonepat, Panipat and Bahadurgarh. The Municipal Authorities concerned are advised to ensure that there is no incidences of waste and garbage burning, while HSPCB Officers have been directed to ensure the compliance of approved fuel notification and prescribed pollution norms. The letter further advises Municipal Corporations of NCR districts to ensure mechanized sweeping machines for regular sweeping of roads, streets in both day and night shifts. It is also advised that the municipal corporations shall ensure sprinkling of water and undertake necessary measures to control dust emission from roads. The brick kilns, stone crushers, Hot Mix Plants and Ready Mix Concrete plants will be shut during this period.
The ban on diesel gen-sets also expands to NCR cities of Ghaziabad, Noida, and Greater Noida. This year, GRAP will also witness the return of Delhi government's odd-even car rationing scheme from 4thNovember to 15th November 2019. It is also reported that NCR cities like Gurugram may also join Delhi’s odd-even formula.
What is Graded Response Action Plan? Level of Air Pollution have been defined on basis of National Air Quality Index. Different Actions are required to be taken by concerned departments at different grades of pollution. Action points and concerned departments have been identified in the Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP).
The GRAP to curb air pollution in Delhi-NCR has come into force on Tuesday, 15th October 2019, proactively rolling out stricter measures depending on the need to discourage private vehicles on roads, stop entry of trucks, use of diesel generators, and closing brick kilns and stone crushers.
Earlier, on 27th September 2019, Dr. Prashant Gargava, Member Secretary, Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has issued letters to Member Secretaries of Delhi Pollution Control Committee, Haryana State Pollution Control Board, Rajasthan Pollution Control Board and Uttar Pradesh Pollution Control Board to use dust suppressant along with water increases as compared to the conventional water spraying technique.
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India's largest integrated power company Tata Power’s Quality Circle team, “Team Kasturi”, took center stage at the recently held International Convention on Quality Circles (ICQCC) 2019 Awards in Tokyo, Japan by winning the prestigious GOLD award for their project titled ‘Difficulties in Disposal of Garbage Waste’. The award ceremony witnessed a participation of 370 teams from 13 countries this year.
Comprising of Mr. Dattkumar I Bhasagi, Mr. Vishal Jadhav, Mr. Rahul Sangale & Mr. Priyanko Majumdar from Mumbai’s Civil & Estate division, the team presented various eco-friendly solutions to dispose garbage waste. Out of 494 Nos. of case study abstracts submitted to ICQCC-2019 Japan, only 135 case studies from India were accepted by the selection committee, “Team Kasturi” being one of them.
Applauding the efforts of the team, Mr Praveer Sinha, CEO & Managing Director, Tata Power said, “We are extremely proud of Team Kasturi and feel privileged to receive this prestigious honour from the ICQCC at an International level. This award has been a significant milestone and will inspire us to continuously improve and create value for our customers.”
Apart from Tata Power, representatives from reputed companies such as Tata Steel, Bharat Electronics, JSW Steel, Kirloskar Oil, Aditya Birla, Rashtriya Fertilizers, Mazagon Dock Ship, Reliance, Yamuna Power limited, Siemens, NTPC, Mahindra, MSCB and Adani Group graced the occasion.
With renewable energy assets in solar and wind accounting for 30% of the company's portfolio, Tata Power is a leader in clean energy generation.
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Dr. Prashant Gargava, Member Secretary, Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has issued letters to Member Secretaries of Delhi Pollution Control Committee, Haryana State Pollution Control Board, Rajasthan Pollution Control Board and Uttar Pradesh Pollution Control Board - reminding the seriousness of air pollution levels in Delhi-NCR during winter. The letter states that major sources of air pollution is the dust generated from construction sites and roads. The letter, supported with the findings from studies, also states that the effectiveness of dust suppressant along with water increases as compared to the conventional water spraying technique.
NCR- National Capital Region
The major sources of air pollution in Delhi-NCR is the dust generated from construction sites and roads
A special vacation bench of the Supreme Court on 7th October 2019 ordered status quo on felling of trees in Aarey colony in Mumbai suburbs till further orders.
The two-judge bench of Hon'ble Justice Arun Mishra and Hon'ble Justice Ashok Bhushan was constituted after a group of law students wrote to Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi seeking the Supreme Court's urgent intervention to stop the cutting of trees in Aarey colony.
Hon'ble Supreme Court has also directed the release of all environmental activists detained over protests against tree cutting. The matter will be next heard on 21st October 2019.
"Whatever has to be cut is cut, there won't be further cutting", the Solicitor General Tushar Mehta, who appeared on behalf of Maharashtra Government, said.
Earlier Bombay High Court in its judgement allowing cutting of trees at Aarey Colony said The Greens fail in the instant petition because they have lost touch with the procedure to be followed as per law.
Over 2000 trees in the Aarey colony were proposed to be axed for the construction of a metro car shed for the Mumbai Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. (MMCL).
Experts say that the Aarey colony, measuring 1,287 hectares and located adjoining to the Sanjay Gandhi National Park, is a major green lung of the metropolis.
Sanjaya K. Mishra
Supporting the Government’s move to stop the use of single-use plastic from 2nd October 2019, some residential colonies nestled in South Delhi go a step further and declare their colonies free of single-use plastic before the deadline.
An event was organised by Navjiwan RWA on 1st October 2019 to declare Navjeevan Vihar free of single-use plastic. The event was attended by the dynamic, visionary and very supportive Deputy Commissioner, SDMC, South Zone, Mr. Vishwendra; officials from SDMC, SSIL and ITC WOW- Wellbeing out of waste, a CSR initiative of ITC, RWA representatives from Geetanjali Enclave, Sarvodaya Enclave and Shivalik A block residents and children of Navjeevan Vihar. This event also marked the huge success of ban single use plastic campaigns. Mr. Vishwendra in his address to the residents appreciated the efforts put in by the residents of the colony and felicitated the children. In his address to the gathering, he stressed on the 4Rs – Reduce, Reuse, Recycle and Refuse. He also assured his full support to the cause of banning single use plastic. Dr. Ruby Makhija, expressed her gratitude to teams SDMC, SSIL and ITC WOW for making the campaign a success. She added, “Residents and children of Navjiwan Vihar are the most aware and supportive towards the cause of conserving Environment. MCD for Navjiwan Vihar stands for the Most Cooperative Department that has always extended full support to Navjiwan RWA.” A rally was organized with slogans to stop single use plastic, save environment, use cloth bags, stop using disposables etc. Animation Characters – Power rangers and Mickey Mouse also carried the placards reading slogans on conserving the environment.
Crockery borrowed from the community crockery bank was used for the event saving more than 700 disposables. Upcycled cloth bags were distributed to all the guests. A.K. Gupta and Anil Sahai from RWA, Geetanjali Enclave; Shafali Mittal from RWA, Sarvodaya Enclave and Monica Arora and Kuljit from RWA, Shivalik A block; also declared their colonies free of single use plastic and pledged to support the fight against single use plastic.
Navjiwan RWA launched “Ban Single Use Plastic Campaign” on 30th August 2019. More than 80 children are registered in the group Sanskaar run by the Secretary, Navjiwan RWA, Ruby Makhija. These children went door to door covering the entire colony residents, guards, drivers, maids and market to make people aware about the need for stopping single use plastic. Street plays organized by SDMC and SSIL were held to create awareness. Cloth bags have been stitched out of old bedsheets and curtains donated by residents and were distributed on 1st October. Vendors are not allowed to bring disposable bags inside the colony. Their carts are checked by the guards at the entry gate who also provide them with cloth bags for use inside the colony. Residents bring their own bags and baskets for buying their fruits and vegetables. Residents are encouraged to keep one bag in their cars and in the ladies bags at all times. Residents have also pledged to carry their own water bottles while stepping out of their homes. No disposables have been used at any event of Navjiwan RWA for the last one year. Crockery is borrowed from a community crockery bank for this purpose. In case any bhandara/party is organised by any resident of the colony, pattal plates are use that go directly into the compost pits of the colony.
With the increasing awareness and support of civic agencies, CSRs and NGOs, various colonies are coming forward and joining hands to clamp down the menace of single use plastic.
On 1st October 2019, India switched on its 10 millionth energy-efficient LED streetlight. According to sources this could reduce India’s electricity demand by about 7 billion units. This could also help to avoid 1,119 MW of peak demand and reducing greenhouse gas emission by almost 5 million tonne of carbon disoxide.
“Energy efficiency and conservation are important pillars of India’s efforts in moving towards a sustainable future. Another milestone (crossed) towards achieving country’s energy goals. These streetlights, covering 2.7 lakh kms, not only illuminate the lives of the citizens and enable more savings but also empower people with safer mobility,” a statement quoted power minister R K Singh as saying after dedicating the 10 millionth smart streetlight to the nation.
The quantum of electricity saved equals to 60 - 70 days electricity consumption by Delhi.
On 29th September 2019 in the 4thepisode of “Mann Ki Baat 2.0” Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi expressed that it is a matter of pride for India as well as the whole world, while we are celebrating ‘Gandhi 150’, our 130 crore countrymen have pledged to be rid from the menace of Single Use Plastic. In view of the kind of lead that India has taken towards environmental protection, today the countries of the entire world are looking towards India as a model example. He expressed confidence that all the countrymen will be a part of the campaign for liberation from the menace of Single Use Plastic on 2nd October.
In the programme, he also had a talk with Mr. Ripudaman Belviji, who is making a unique effort by attempting plogging! While to talking to Hon’ble Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, Ripudaman shared about 'R Elan, Run to make India Litter Free'. Ripudaman also said “I would really like to give three steps. For a litter free India! Towards a Garbage Free India! Step number one Deposit litter in the dustbin only. Step number two any garbage you see, pick it up from the ground and deposit in the dustbin. Step number three if you don’t see a dustbin then take the litter in your pocket or in your car and carry it home! Segregate it into Dry and Wet waste and in the morning when municipality van comes, you give it to them! If we follow these three steps we will see a litter free India We will get an India free from garbage!”
Hon’ble Prime Minister acknowledged innovative ideas and ways of Ripudaman. The Prime Minister informed that this time on the anniversary of revered Bapu, the Ministry of Sports too is organizing a ‘Fit India Plogging Run’. On the 2nd of October, plogging for two kilometers; and it will be held across the country. The Prime Minister also said “While we jog for 2 kilometers; and on the way, collect all kinds of plastic waste. Through endeavor, we shall not only pay better attention to our health; we shall also take a step towards ensuring protection for Mother Earth. This campaign is resulting in raising awareness levels in people; as far as sanitation and cleanliness, along with fitness levels. I do believe that a single step towards freedom from single use plastic taken by 130 crore countrymen will give India a lead by a 130 crore steps.”
Sanjaya K. Mishra
National Water Mission (NWM), Department of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation, Ministry of Jal Shakti was set up in 2011 based on the National Action Plan on the Climate Change, which was prepared in 2008. In his address, Hon’ble Mission Director, Shri G. Asok Kumar said that “We are all associated with water in one way or other. Most of us here are water warriors.” While elaborating the process of selecting the winner, he mentioned that the award process was initiated started six months back and went through a rigorous screening and assessment. This is the first time ‘National Water Mission Awards’ were presented to recognize excellence in water conservation, efficient water use and sustainable water management practices. He also expressed hope that this award will set a benchmark in the water sector.
NWM has 5 goals and 39 strategies prescribed in the Mission Document. One of the strategies of NWM under Goal IV is to incentivize the organization/ companies through awards for water conservation and efficient use of water.
Sangli Apartments on Copernicus Marg, New Delhi celebrated an event to mark the successful making of compost from the collected wet kitchen wastes and garden waste of approximately 150 households. Situated in a prime location, the apartment, which is primarily for 3 wings of armed force officers with servant quarters, generates above 500 kilograms per day, assuming around 4 Kgs from each household. Sangli RWA Secretary, Commander Pankaj Kumar said, “We have achieved 100 % waste segregation at house level into Dry and Wet wastes, in last 6 months. Thereafter we built 2 pits for composting the wet waste, seeking technical assistance of ITC WOW team. The pits were inaugurated on 29th Jun by Chief Medical officer, New Delhi Municipal Corporation (NDMC).”
The occasion of making first compost was appropriately celebrated on 15th September 2019 in the presence of Mrs. Meenakshi Lekhi, Hon’ble Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha), New Delhi.
Shri Jairam Ramesh, Hon’ble Member of Parliament (Rajya Sabha) from Karnataka will Chair the Committee on Science, Technology, Environment & Forests. An Indian economist and erudite politician belonging to Indian National Congress Party, Shri Ramesh held the position of Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Environment and Forests from 28th May 2009 to 12th July 2011. Later he also hold the additional charge of Minister of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
Sept. 2, 2019, New Delhi: According to an affidavit filed by State of West Bengal and the State Pollution Control Board, before the National Green Tribunal (NGT), in the case of Anurup Panda Versus Member Secretary, West Bengal Pollution Control Board (WBPCB) & Ors., out of the total 4506 numbers of brick fields operating in West Bengal, 2027 have adopted the Zig Zag Technology, 2475 are in process of adopting it. However, only 4 have not yet initiated the process of doing so.
While hearing the Original Application No.12/2018 (EZ) Anurup Panda Versus Member Secretary, West Bengal Pollution Control Board (WBPCB) & Ors., through video conferencing today, the Principal Bench of Hon’ble NGT has stated that considering the immense pollution load generated by the brick fields and the inefficiency of the existing technology of installing stacks on small Bull’s Trench Kiln, it is imperative for the State to adopt the Zig Zag Technology expeditiously.
The Order issued by the Hon’ble NGT also states that “In view of the above, the State Pollution Control Board directed to ensure that those brick fields which have already adopted the Zig Zag Technology may be permitted to operate subject to grant of consent to operate. The ones which are in the process of implementation of the technology, stated to be 2475 in number, be directed not to operate until the new technology is installed. The 4 brick fields which have not yet adopted the technology shall not be permitted to operate until the new technology is installed.”
The NGT bench comprising Hon’ble Mr. Justice S. P. Wangdi, Judicial Member and Hon’ble Dr. Satyawan Singh Garbyal, Expert Member has also directed that the entire exercise shall be completed within two months and compliance report filed before the next date that is 18th November 2019.
It would be noteworthy that an order by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) in June 2017 asked brick kilns across India to shift to a cleaner and more efficient “induced draft zigzag” design. As per a report titled “Brick kilns shifting to cleaner technology, but progress is slow” published by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) on 29th August 2017 there are significant benefits of shifting from Fixed chimney bull trench kiln (FCBTK) to Zig-Zag, for example; Specific Energy consumption and coal consumption is reduced by 20%, and particulate emission goes down by 75%.
On 27th August 2019, the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI), the Industry’s Voice for Policy Change organized a day long programme on awareness of Iron and Steel Slag at Federation House, Tansen Marg, New Delhi. In his opening remarks Shri Abhyuday Jindal, CO-Chair, FICCI Steering Committee and Managing Director of Jindal Stainless Ltd. orated resource utilization plays a major role in today’s business.
According to the latest notification issued by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) vide SO 3023(E) dated 22nd August 2019, National Physical Laboratory (NPL), which is governed by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) will become the national verification and certification agency for the instruments and equipment used for air emission monitoring and ambient air quality monitoring.
Some experts from the domain say this is a very important and landmark notification on quality check of all Air quality monitoring in India. If it is properly implemented there will be a lot of improvement in our Air Quality data. NPL is given very big responsibility and this can make very much visible change. We hope that there will be a qualitative improvement in the development of air quality data.
The housing colony practices Composting, 5Rs – Rethink, Refuse, Reduce, Reuse and Recycle, and Plastic waste reduction
In Delhi, out of 10500 MT/Day, only 55% waste is being processed
Sanjaya K. Mishra
On 20th August 2019, Navjiwan Vihar, a posh gated colony in Malviya Nagar, New Delhi celebrated a unique achievement of 100% waste segregation at source. The colony with 250 households in Malviya Nagar Ward (63-S) is probably the first in New Delhi to have attained such an exemplary work in solid waste management. Almost all the households in Navjiwan Vihar are handing over only segregated waste to the waste collectors.
The event was graced by Smt. Meenakshi Lekhi, Hon’ble Member of Parliament, New Delhi Lok Sabha constituency. She congratulated the Navjiwan Vihar President, Mr. Vinay Bhasin; Secretary, Dr. Ruby Makhija, and Executive Committee members for successfully fulfilling the Hon’ble Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi of Swachh Bharat Mission. Appreciating the ZERO Plastic arrangements in the event, the MP said that she has always promoted plastic-free celebrations. She expressed her overwhelmed feelings to be a part of Navjiwan Vihar as her likes and dislikes match with the residents of this colony.
A seven member Expert Committee had three meetings between April 2019 and June 2019 wherein it discussed the framework of guidelines, draft guidelines and the revised guidelines respectively. The final guidelines contain some valuable points:
1) Containment and treatment of spillages from fuel filling operations at petrol pumps.
2) Check on leakages (Leakage Detection System) from underground storage tanks so as to prevent groundwater and soil contamination
3) Policy towards Treatment and disposal of sludge removed from underground tanks during cleaning
4) Installation, Operation and maintenance of Vapour Recovery System
5) Ground water and soil quality monitoring within petrol pump
6) Measures for protection of Worker’s Health
7) Audit of all protection measures and monitoring system implemented at petrol pumps
8) Siting criteria of Retail Outlets
Gujarat Enviro Protection and Infrastructure (Haryana) Pvt. Ltd. (GEPIL) is the TSDF provider in Haryana. Nearly 8.65% of the total hazardous wastes were disposed of through co-processing. This method involves very less cost that could be merely to meet transportation and very little of handling the hazardous waste. But it reduces, cost of incineration, cost of pollution control measures due to incineration, cost of ash handling and disposal. This also increases the life of the TSDF site. Therefore, a huge cost saving is envisaged in the part of GEPIL in 2016-17 and subsequent years. Whether GEPIL has come out with any proposal to reduce the cost it charges to the industries?
The presence of antibiotic residues in high concentration in the environment can lead to the development of Anti-Microbial Resistant (AMR) Pathogens. The Anti-Microbial Resistance arises when microorganism survives exposure to a drug that would normally kill them or stop their growth. The waste from pharmaceutical units or hospitals may be a possible reason for resistance to antibiotic drugs if, the wastes are not disposed of in a scientific manner. Presence of antibiotics in excess of Predicted No Effect Concentration (PNEC) in the environment may lead to the development of Anti-Microbial Resistance.
24th July 2019, New Delhi
On 23rd July 2019 a hearing on Original Application No.837/2018 (M.A. No. 1549/2018 &I.A. No. 290/2019), Sandeep Mittal Versus Ministry of Environment, Forests &Climate Change &Ors. regarding post clearance monitoring and compliances, took place in the Principal Bench of National Green Tribunal (NGT). The bench comprised of Hon’ble Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel, Chair Person, Hon’ble Justice S.P. Wangdi, Judicial Member, Hon’ble Justice K. Ramakrishnan, Judicial Member and Hon’ble Dr. Nagin Nanda, Expert Member.
30th April 2019:
With reference to the Original Application (OA) No. 1069/2018 filed by Nitin Shankar Deshpande against Union of India and Others, the Principal Bench of National Green Tribunal (NGT) have said that there is no justification for diluted standards for areas other than Mega and Metropolitan Cities. The Pincipal Bench was comprising of Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel, Chair Person, Justice K. Ramakrishnan, JM and Dr, Magin Nanda, Expert Member.
The NGT order concluded that "Accordingly, we accept the report of the Expert Committee with the modification that the standards recommended for Mega and Metropolitan Cities will also apply to rest of the country. We also direct that the standards will apply not only for new STPs but also for existing/under construction STPs without any delay and giving of seven years time stands disapproved. The NGT bench also said that "the Minsitry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) may issue an appropriate Notification in the matter within one month from today i.e. 30th April 2019." Read more at https://enviroannotations.blogspot.com/2016/04/treated-sewage-characterization-common.html
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